Difference Between Cold Air Intake vs Short Ram Intake
Most of us already know about the Types of Air filters for Cars but what about the intake? When it comes to aftermarket intakes, they typically come in one of two varieties. Here we’ll consider the difference between cold air vs short ram intakes. But first, let’s cover what the intake does and how it does it.
As you might have guessed, the intake is responsible for taking air into the engine. It starts with the air filter, goes through the intake, and will then go through the throttle body on a naturally aspirated car or into the turbo inlet hose on a turbocharged car (see How to Get More Out of Your Air Intake System on Turbo Cars: Upgraded Turbo Inlet Hoses). In either case, if the engine is running, this intake side is under vacuum which pulls air into the system for combustion.
The goal of each intake is to provide additional horsepower. Each goes about it in a slightly different way (hint – the name says it all).
Cold Air Intake
Air. It’s a significant part of the recipe that gives us the right pedal induced joy. But, not all air is created equally. When it comes to air, the amount of oxygen it contains is critical in terms of combustion. Air that has higher oxygen content (which can be had through adding a nitrous system) allows more fuel to be burned. But, you are able to increase the amount of oxygen in the air entering the intake without nitrous. How? Temperature! Since colder air is more dense, it contains more oxygen and allows the potential for more fuel. Thus the potential for more power. The Cold Air Intake is built on this premise.
The cold air intake achieves this by relocating the engine air filter outside of the engine compartment in an effort to take in cooler air. Not only is it out of the engine compartment but it is typically placed at a point low to the ground. The benefit here is two-fold. Firstly, since heat rises, it avoids the hot air rising from the engine bay, brakes, or any other heated component.
Short Ram Intake
As the name implies, the short ram intake is not very long. In fact, this attribute defines how this style of intake can be beneficial. The goal with the short ram intake is to direct air into the engine in the shortest route possible. The shortest route is also straight. These characteristics combine to create a path that has the least amount of resistance for air to get into the engine. This lesser the resistance, the more air you have, thus the more horsepower potential.
Cold Air Intake vs Short Ram Intake
There are a lot of Cold Air Intake Pros and Cons as well as pros and cons to the short ram intake. The cold air intake does get denser air than the short ram intake. However, since it is longer and more complex, it is often more expensive. This increased complexity also leads to a more difficult and time-consuming installation. The greatest benefit to the cold air intake can also be it’s greatest weakness; the location of the filter. Having a low-placed filter outside of the engine bay is great for taking in cooler, denser air. But, that location is also where the most debris and moisture are also present. If your intake ingests a significant amount of water, it doesn’t matter how beneficial it has the potential to be as your engine will soon no longer be running.
The strength being a weakness can also be said for the short ram intake. Although its placement will prevent water ingestion, it also is affected by heat soak due to being in the warm engine bay. Is there a best of both worlds? The goal of the COBB SF Intake and Airbox combo is just that.
The COBB SF intake and integrated airbox looks great and has the combined benefits of a short ram intake and a cold air intake without any of the negatives. This system utilizes several unique features in an effort to maintain optimal flow for performance while minimizing turbulence that can cause engine management problems. It uses a custom conical cloth air-filter element and a CFD-designed velocity stack leading to a unique airflow straightener grid. This straightener grid is specifically designed to smooth the incoming airflow as it passes the Mass Air Flow sensor for precise readings. This eliminates the “dead spots” experienced by other aftermarket intakes due to turbulence. Most other aftermarket intakes do not utilize these critical design elements.
In order to provide a system that looks as good on the outside as the technical advancements happening on the inside, we utilize a one-piece design constructed from a high-temperature plastic composite. Not only does this save weight compared to the previous metal design, but the plastic composite material also offers much better heat rejection properties that help keep intake air temperatures cooler. In contrast, intake systems constructed using metal castings or piping can actually retain underhood heat and in turn heat the incoming air.
The SF Air Box adds the benefits of a cold air intake to the outstanding performance of the SF Intake. The factory inlet directs cold air from the front grill to the SF Air, which encloses the SF intake. Hot engine bay air that robs horsepower is prevented from entering the intake system. This unique design also separates rainwater from the intake air, eliminating the water ingestion issues that plague in-fender cold air intakes. Calibrations by way of off the shelf maps on the Accessport have you covered for any necessary tuning changes.
Choosing the Right Intake
The intake is the front-line of your engine’s operations. It intakes the air and distributes it to the engine. If there is a restriction here, an upgrade can yield some significant power gains. Fortunately, for most vehicles, especially those that are factory turbocharged, the intake tends to be fairly well designed from the factory. This means that power gains are typically negligible unless additional significant modifications are added which require airflow beyond what the factory intake can provide. So really, if more power is your goal, any upgraded intake can be “right.”
But, even with that in mind, the intake still looks and sounds incredible. Most enthusiasts don’t realize just how much louder the intake can be. If you’re converting a closed box intake system to an open filter, you’ll definitely hear the difference.
As if that weren’t enough, an upgraded aftermarket intake can actually save you money! The COBB SF intake comes with a reusable filter that will last the life of your vehicle. Most users typically wash and re-oil their filter annually or every ~12k miles. Your mileage may vary depending on the conditions your vehicle operates. In any case, most upgraded intakes will have these types of filters. If power and noise aren’t benefit enough, you’ll never have to buy a new filter again!